Like Liu Hui, Zu Chongzhi is considered one of the greatest mathematicians of ancient china. Also, like Liu Hui, Zu Chongzhi also manages to compute a highly accurate approximation of Pi.
Using the same technique as Liu Hui, Zi Chongzhi knows that he can approximate the area of a circle by calculating the area of a regular polygon with a large number of sides. The more sides he adds the better his approximation becomes.
Unlike Liu Hui, Zu Chongzhi calculates the area of a 24,576 sided regular polygon, which means that his approximation is much closer then Liu Hui, who only calculated the area of a regular polygon between 96 and 192 sides. In the end Zu Chongzhi manages to trap the value of between two numbers:
And from there he estimates that the value of is approximately . Which is one of the most accurate approximation of in the Ancient world.
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